t: 01453 755948
Open: Monday to Friday 8.30am – 7.30pm, Saturday 8.30am – 12.30pm

Knee Ligament Injury

What is a knee ligament injury?

A ligament is a strong band of connective tissue which attaches bone to bone. A knee ligament injury can occur in one or a combination of ligaments. The main knee ligaments are:

major knee ligaments

major knee ligaments

  • ACL: Anterior Cruciate Ligament
  • PCL: Posterior Cruciate Ligament
  • MCL: Medial Collateral Ligament
  • LCL: Lateral Collateral Ligament

These ligaments give the knee stability and prevent excessive twisting, and side to side movements. A ligament injury or tear is a relatively common sporting injury affecting the knee. A tear may range from a small partial tear resulting in minimal pain, to a complete rupture resulting in significant pain and disability.

What causes a knee ligament injury?

Knee ligament tears typically occur during activities placing excessive strain on the ligaments. This generally occurs suddenly due to a specific incident. Occasionally it may occur due to repetitive strain. There are two main movements that place stress on the ligaments, these include:

  • twisting of the knee
  • valgus force (side impact on knee)

When these movements are excessive an injury may occur. Ligament tears are frequently seen in contact sports or sports requiring rapid changes in direction. These include rugby, football, netball, basketball and downhill skiing. The usual mechanism of injury is a twisting movement when weight-bearing (especially when landing from a jump). With a valgus force injury is due to a collision to the outer knee. This forces the knee to bend in the wrong direction.

An injury may also occur due to repetitive activities such as the breaststroke kick in swimming. These type of occurrences are less frequent and develop gradually over time.

How to treat a knee ligament injury

knee ligament injury treatment

knee ligament injury treatment

Depending on the severity and complex nature of each individual case, knee ligament treatment can take may forms. In the most severe cases surgery is required and in all cases a program of rehabilitation is recommended. With the correct treatment and rehabilitation will enable you to return to normal activities. Treatments include:

  • How to find us

    We are located just outside the town centre at Ebley Wharf, on the ground floor of the Stroud District Council building. Follow the A419 to the Cainscross roundabout and then take Westward Road (B4008). Turn left to Ebley Wharf.

  • Opening times

    Monday to Friday
    8.30am – 7.30pm

    Saturday
    8.30am – 12.30pm

  • Stroud Clinic

    Ebley Mill
    Ebley Wharf
    Stroud Glos
    GL5 4UB

    Tel: 01453 755948
    Email: mail@physiofive.co.uk

  • Gloucester Clinic

    Riverside Sports & Leisure Club
    St Oswald’s Road
    Gloucester
    GL1 2TF

    Tel: 01453 755948
    Email: mail@physiofive.co.uk