What is a hamstring injury
A hamstring injury is a strain or tear to the tendons or large muscles at the back of the thigh. You have 4 hamstring muscles. It’s a common injury in athletes and can occur in different severities:
- a mild muscle strain
- a partial muscle tear
- a complete muscle tear
What causes a hamstring injury
A hamstring injury can occur if any of the tendons or muscles are stretched beyond their limit. They often occur during sudden, explosive movements, such as sprinting, lunging or jumping. This injury is common in sports such as rugby and football.
They can also occur more gradually, or during slower movements that overstretch your hamstring. Recurring injury is common in athletes and sportsmen, as you’re more likely to injure your hamstring if you’ve injured it before.
From improper warm ups to poor techniques and playing conditions (eg slippery surfaces causing accidents) there are a number of different considerations.
How to treat a hamstring injury
In the first few days of a hamstring tear you need to rest, apply ice and compression, and keep your leg elevated. Coupled with a variety of treatments it is important to focus on prevention of re-occurrence. As explained previously once you have had a tear it there is a high chance of it happening again without taking remedial steps.
From diagnosis and pain relief to rehabilitation and corrective technique programs a combination of treatments can include: