What is groin strain?
A groin strain is a tear or rupture to any one of the adductor muscles resulting in pain in the inner thigh. It usually occurs in one of the hip adductor muscle group. Your body has five adductor muscles:
Any of these groin muscles can be strained but the most common is adductor longus. Groin injuries can range from very mild to very severe. These injuries can be completely debilitating.
What causes groin strain?
During contraction of the groin muscles, tension runs through the groin. When this tension is excessive due to too much repetition or high force, one or more of the groin muscles can tear. A groin strain commonly occurs due to a sudden contraction of the groin muscles often when they are in a position of stretch. This typically occurs during rapid acceleration whilst running (particularly when changing direction). One commonly finds these injuries in running sports such as football, rugby, hockey and athletics. It is also found in skiing, horse riding and gymnastics. Groin strains tend to occur more commonly in the older athlete. They particularly follow an inadequate warm-up.
How to treat groin strain
Your initial concerns will be pain management as this injury can be painfully debilitating. Generally rest is prescribed however there a number of treatments that could facilitate the healing process. Most importantly a strength and conditioning program should be top priority so as to reduce the risk of recurrence. Recommended treatments include: