What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a relatively common condition. It causes a tingling sensation, numbness and sometimes pain in the hand and fingers. CTS results from the compression on your median nerve as it runs through the carpal tunnel of the wrist. It controls sensation and movement in the hands. These sensations usually develop gradually and start off being worse during the night. They tend to affect the thumb, index finger and middle finger.
What causes carpal tunnel syndrome?
Anything that causes swelling inside the wrist can cause carpal tunnel pain. This includes trauma from injury, repetitive hand movements, pregnancy and arthritis. CTS typically occurs with activities that place repetitive stress through the tendons. These activities may include sports such as gymnastics, cycling, golf or racket sports. It also includes manual work such as carpentry, painting, chopping wood, bricklaying. Repetitive use of a screwdriver, use of vibrating machinery or working at a computer also contribute. CTS may also occur from other activities involving forceful or repetitive gripping of the hand.
How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome
For those that find themselves suffering from carpal tunnel pain there are treatments to help. If it has been caused at work, then an ergonomic assessment of the workplace and work practices may be worthwhile to prevent a recurrence. The list of treatments may include: